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Total Intravenous Anaesthesia (TIVA) is the process of administering anaesthetic agents through intravenous methods only. Agents given through intravenous methods require a drip chamber in order to stop air from going into the blood. Therapies administered in this way can also be called speciality pharmaceuticals. TIVA is administered by infusing liquids through the vein and into the blood. By inducing a patient in this manner, the amount of anaesthesia infused directly into the blood stream can be measured more efficiently. Get the facts about IV Vitamin Therapy Near Me
What makes TIVA safer than volatile agents? Studies have shown that TIVA allows for quick induction and rapid recovery. Patients who have undergone surgery with the use of TIVA didn’t suffer from continued side effects for days after being induced, which is a remarkable benefit compared to that of inhalation agents. It can also be used on all age groups and nearly anywhere. It is a cost effective way to treat patients, despite the many debates going on. The cost as a whole, is far cheaper and can be used to ultimately lower costs in the long run. However, more importantly, it is safer and more reliable than inhalation gasses.
TIVA is not only safer for patients, but for staff working with the anaesthetics as well. Volatile agents have been known to pollute the work space. This has caused many concerns in regard of the health and safety for staff. It is required for medical staff to be of good mind when working with a patient, particularly when in surgery. When inhalation anaesthetists are being used, it cannot be guaranteed that staff won’t be affected by the volatile agents and often scavengers are needed to try and move the toxins out of the air.
There are often procedures where inhalation gases cannot be administered and TIVA is the best suitable option. Laryngoscopy, bronchoscpy or thoracic surgery is a common example of where volatile agents cannot be used. Without TIVA it would not be possible to treat these types of problems through the operating room and patients may have to suffer greatly due to being inoperable. This can cause long term effects on the patient as well as psychological disorders.
There are currently many who debate the cost effectiveness of TIVA over inhalation gasses. Its is appears to be one of the major reasons why it isn’t used as often as it should be. However, TIVA is the cheapest and safest way to administer anaesthesia despite the many arguments. In the past, required agents to administer TIVA, such as propofol brands were more expensive, however, today with the invent of generic brands, the price has have significantly reduced. Furthermore, the equipment required when using inhalation gases are incredibly high with the need for gas scavengers, and other monitoring equipment. Each of these use massive amounts of electricity besides the obvious purchase and maintenance costs. TIVA on the other hand requires only a trained anaesthetist, therefore also making it extremely versatile and perfect for military fields and the likes.
TIVA continues to develop at a rapid pace with ever increasing interest from anaesthetists around the world. With technology playing a large role on the release of target controlled infusion (TCI), patients are in a better position than ever before with the continuous improvement of anaesthetic administration. TIVA has many benefits, however, with the use of of TCI it has vastly improved and added more to the overall safety of the patient.