Periodontal Disease: A Risk Factor for a Variety of Other Illnesses
Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, the cementum that protects the root, the periodontal ligament, and the alveolar bone that surround the teeth. Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease, where the infection only affects the gums. All of the supporting tissues are involved in the more serious types of the disease. The main culprits are bacteria found in dental plaque. Periodontal disease affects about 20-50 percent of the world’s population.
Gum disease has been related to a number of health issues in recent years. Many questions, however, remain unanswered. The amount of a connection between gum disease and other medical problems has been the subject of various studies. To back up the results, further research is required. Get the facts about Washington Periodontics: Dr. Christine Karapetian-All-On-4 Implants
Periodontal disorder is a risk factor for a number of other diseases. The following is a list of them:
Cardiovascular disease – People who have periodontal disease are more likely to have cardiovascular disease. Streptococcus gordonii and streptococcus sanguinis are common oral bacteria that cause infection. Researchers discovered that bacteria from the mouth would penetrate the bloodstream and attach to platelets, causing blood clots and interrupting blood flow to the heart.
Chronic inflammation caused by periodontal infections can lead to heart problems like high blood pressure, coronary artery disease, and high cholesterol.
Periodontal disease is caused by a complex interaction between a chronic bacterial infection and the inflammatory response. While research on the role of periodontal disease in stroke is still scarce, several studies have looked into the link between stroke and periodontal disease and found that there is a substantial link between the two.
Alzheimer’s disease – Dental researchers at New York University have discovered the first long-term evidence that periodontal disease can increase the risk of cognitive impairment associated with Alzheimer’s disease in both healthy and cognitively impaired people. According to the findings, cognitively normal people with periodontal inflammation have a higher risk of having poor cognitive function than people with little or no periodontal inflammation.
Pancreatic cancer – In 2007, a research team from Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, Massachusetts, was the first to reveal clear evidence linking gum disease to pancreatic cancer. According to the researchers, high levels of carcinogenic compounds found in the mouths of people with gum disease could be linked to a higher risk of pancreatic cancer. They claim that these compounds, known as nitrosamines, react with digestive chemicals in the gut, creating an atmosphere conducive to pancreatic cancer growth.
After accounting for age, smoking history, diabetes, obesity, diet, and other potentially confusing factors, the researchers came to the conclusion that men with a history of periodontal disease have a 63 percent higher risk of pancreatic cancer than men without a history.